Peruvian youth are benefiting from expanded economic opportunities, but access to ICT is limited.
Peru ranks 11th overall in youth wellbeing, performing in the middle tier of Index countries and above its Latin American peers in the Index. It scores close to the median across domains with the exception of information and communication technology (ICT), where it ranks 21st.
Over the past decade, GDP per capita has steadily risen from US$3,830 in 2005 to $5,935 in 2015. This strong economic growth has outpaced many other Latin American countries. The youth unemployment rate (9 percent) remains significantly lower than the Index average of 17 percent, and the percentage of youth not in education, employment or training (NEETs), 15 percent, is lower than the regional average of 18 percent. Early-stage entrepreneurial activity of 25 percent also exceeds the Index average of 15 percent.
Peruvian youth have benefited from a steady increase in public spending on education, from 14 percent in 2010 to 16 percent in 2014. Peru has above average secondary school enrollment (96 percent) and lower secondary school completion (85 percent) rates, and youth surveyed (68 percent) say they are satisfied with the education system or school where they live.
Peru ranks 14th in the health domain. The incidence of youth-self harm in Peru (10 deaths per 100,000 youth) is lower than the Index and regional average of 16 per 100,000. Peru’s adolescent fertility rate of 48 births per 1,000 women ages 15 to 19 exceeds the Index average of 42 but is well below the regional average of 58 births per 1,000 women.
The low level of youth interpersonal violence positively impacts Peru’s 11th place rank in the safety and security domain. At 8 deaths per 100,000 young people, Peru outperforms its Latin American peers in the Index, including Columbia (154), Brazil (92), and Mexico (41). A lower incidence of road fatalities (21 per 100,000 young people) is below both the Index (34 per 100,000) and regional (37 per 100,000) averages.
Peru’s ICT score is driven by low internet, computer, and mobile usage rates. At 39 and 32 percent, Peru’s internet and computer usage is well below the Index average of 59 and 49 percent, respectively. Peru ranks 21st in mobile phone usage; a rate that is consistent with its regional peers.
The Global Millennial Viewpoints Survey
Peru’s youth maintain a positive outlook toward their future standard of living. Eighty-eight percent surveyed think that their future standard of living will be better than that of their parents.
Views on government are less positive. Eighty-four percent of youth polled feel that the government does not care about their wants and needs. This perception contributes to the country’s low rank within the citizen participation domain.
Ninety-seven percent of Peruvian youth surveyed believe that women should have the same rights as men. This figure is the same response gathered from youth in Spain, the country that ranked 1st in the gender equality domain.